A book is a written work or a collection of written works in book form. "Book" represents the abstract notion of a particular book, rather than a particular edition. It is on this level that articles or discussion about a book should generally occur (e.g., the article about Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein" is on the book topic, rather than on one or more of the hundreds of editions it has gone through).
Things That Are Books
- written works that have been published as stand-alone books
- unpublished novels (e.g. Prince Jellyfish)
- comic books (e.g. Tintin in the Congo)
- written works that have never appeared in a traditional bound form, such as those released only in audio or electronic formats (e.g. A Forest Apart)
- ancient written works (e.g. Epic of Gilgamesh)
Things That Are NOT Books
- editions of any existing written work whether in print, audio or digital versions (e.g. The Da Vinci Code)
- Use the book edition type for these.
- comic book series (e.g. Sin City)
- Use the comic book series type for these.
- book series (e.g. The Dark Tower)
- Use the literary series type for these.
- written works that are published as part of another book (e.g. You Know They Got a Hell of a Band)
- periodicals (newspapers, magazines, journals)
Periodical issues, while similar, should not be typed as Books. There is a gray area, where certain periodicals release issues in a book-like way, even to the point of having ISBNs. A case could be made for typing these as both Magazine issue and Book; then create a book edition to enter the ISBN.
The /book/book type should also be used for connections to other types, such as films that have been adapted from a book. The Adaptation co-type can be asserted at the Book level if the book contains a single written work (e.g Carrie). It can also be asserted at the Written Work level if the book in which the written work was published is really a collection of multiple works (e.g. William Wilson, a short story published in the book Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque).
Entering Data for a Book
Please see Entering Data for a Book for more information.
Identity Criterion for Book type
The general information on the Identity Criterion for various freebase types is given at <http://wiki.freebase.com/wiki/Identity_criterion_for_types>. If anyone in the community want any changes to be done to the identity criterion for /book/book, please make edits directly to the features and guidelines below.
Features for establishing identity relationships
- title_match: There is a title_match if the titles of the books on both the sources are same or match approximately.
- author_match: There is an author_match if at least one of the book authors listed under Freebase property /book/written_work/author (Author) matches with the authors on the other source.
- editions_match: There is an editions_match if at least one of the book editions (with edition title, year, publisher) listed under freebase property /book/book/editions (Editions) or /book/book/first_edition (First edition) matches with the editions on the other source.
- first_publication_date_match: There is a first_publication_date_match if the date (to the day level) that the book was first published in any form (i.e., hardcover, softcover, e-book) listed under freebase property /book/written_work/date_of_first_publication (Date of first publication) is same as the date on the other source. Sometimes only the year of publication may be available and if it matches on both sources, it is a match.
- part_of_series_match: There is a part_of_series_match if this book is part of a series and the series listed under the Freebase property /book/written_work/part_of_series (Part of series) matches with the series on the other source.
- cover_page_match:There is a cover_page_match if the illustrated cover page of the book on freebase topic is same as the cover page illustration on the other source.
- awards_match: There is an awards_match if at least one of the nominations or awards (country/association, category and year) received by the book matches with the nominations or awards on the other source.
General guidelines for establishing identity between two Books
Books should not be matched to other incompatible types such as book edition, TV program, or film (Example 8).
- Here are some typical patterns for determining identity of two books:
- title_match and author_match (Example 1)
- title_match and first_publication_date_match (Example 2)
- title_match and part_of_series_match (Example 3)
- title_match and editions_match (Example 4, Example 5)
- title_match and awards_match (Example 6)
- title_match and cover_page_match (Example 7)
Pattern d Example 5: Permalink The title of the books and the information about first edition of the book (first edition title, publishing year, and publisher) from Left Hand Side match with the information on Right Hand Side. Hence the books are identical.
Permalink Here the topic titles match on both the sources, but while the freebase topic on Left Hand Side is about the book, the Right Hand Side talks about a particular edition of the book published in 2009 (the first edition being published in 1983). Hence these two topics should not be reconciled.